Eradicating Polio: A Global Effort on World Polio Day


World Polio Day, observed on October 24th each year, is a time to reflect on the progress made in the fight against polio and to renew our commitment to eradicating this debilitating disease. While great strides have been made, polio remains a threat in some parts of the world, making this annual observance all the more critical.

The History of World Polio Day

World Polio Day was established by Rotary International to commemorate the birth of Dr. Jonas Salk, who developed the first effective polio vaccine in 1955. Since then, this day has served as a reminder of the ongoing struggle to eradicate polio worldwide.

The Global Polio Eradication Initiative

The Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) is a partnership between various organisations, including the World Health Organisation (WHO), Rotary International, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), UNICEF, and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, among others. GPEI was formed with a singular mission: to end polio for good.

Progress and Achievements

The fight against polio has made remarkable progress. At the initiative’s outset in 1988, there were 350,000 cases of polio reported in over 125 countries. By 2020, the number of cases had dwindled to just 122, and polio remained endemic in only two countries: Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Global vaccination campaigns have played a pivotal role in reducing polio cases. These campaigns, often reaching remote and conflict-affected areas, have relied on the dedication of healthcare workers, volunteers, and innovative vaccination strategies. Moreover, surveillance and monitoring systems have been improved to quickly detect and respond to outbreaks.

Challenges and Setbacks

Despite the progress, several challenges persist. Insecurity, conflict, and vaccine hesitancy have impeded vaccination efforts in certain regions. The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted polio immunization campaigns in 2020, leading to concerns about potential outbreaks. These obstacles emphasize the need for continued vigilance and international cooperation.

The Importance of Eradicating Polio

Eradicating polio is more than just a health goal, it’s a testament to what humanity can achieve when united. Success in eradicating polio would mean that future generations would be spared from this crippling disease. It would also demonstrate the power of global collaboration and inspire confidence in our ability to tackle other public health challenges.

What You Can Do

As individuals, there are several ways to contribute to the eradication of polio:

1. Support organisations working to end polio, such as Rotary International and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

2. Stay informed about the progress and challenges in the fight against polio.

3. Encourage vaccination within your community and promote vaccine awareness.


World Polio Day is a reminder of the progress we’ve made and the work that remains. We are at a critical juncture in the fight against polio, and continued commitment and resources are essential to achieve a polio-free world. Let us remember the millions of lives touched by this disease and strive to make Dr. Salk’s vision a reality by ensuring that no child suffers from polio ever again.